The Candid Eye

July 8, 2009

Plunder of India

India was so prosperous before 1835 that these statements were required to be given in the British parliament:

MacCauleyThere are debates of the historical validity of these statements, however, it contains the essential attitude.

I attended a presentation on India by Sri D. K. Hari, in Vishalakshi Mandap, International Center of Art of Living in Bangalore. The title of the presentation was “Plunder of India“. Like what is mentioned in the MacCauley’s talk above, in British Parliament, India was a country which was urbanized, Literate, Rich and full of arts and crafts- which can prosper only in a peaceful, well established country. Sri Hari presented evidences from travelogues of tourists to India from Europe, Gulf, and other parts of the world. Marco Palo, was so thrilled by India’s plenitude, that he wrote everything about it in terms of Millions:- there are millions of diamonds, millions of jewels and so on.. He was even termed “Millionaire historian”! Much of this wealth was generated by merchandise of food grains, spices, fine silk – India didn’t need to have a gold/silver mine. There were 3200 cities. The entire country was filled with canal system for farming. Vasco da Gama did not find the route to India on his own! He was not used to traveling in open sea, he would navigate only close to shores. So starting from Europe he reached to south Africa, where he met a Gujarati Salesman. In his own records Vasco da Gama has mentioned of how huge and much bigger the ship of this salesman was, compared to his own. This Salesman took Vasco da Gama to India!

The East India company which started business in Bengal region, was actually a failure company in England. They entered here with mere investment of 72k. The ransom collected on the villages and territories they started governing, was huge and kind of extracting the entire wealth from the place. The taxation was for running their company, funding it, rather than governing the local administration. As the British took more and more hold on India, the taxation grew out of bound. There were 18 Famines in India in a span of 24 years. These were caused artificially by excessive taxing in terms of export of 3,20,000 of tons of grains that the farmers grew here. The local people were left with no food to eat, as whatever was grown was taken away as tax. Then Mr Lytton, then British governer of India, banned any relief work, and made any donations to affected area punishable. The famine caused deaths called as “Late Victorian Holocausts” and in four quarters from 1800 to 1900, 10k, 5lac,5lac and 2crore respectively, people died in India. All these news were reaching in the front pages of British papers. However no action was taken about it.

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