The Candid Eye

October 1, 2009

Aryan – Dravidian divide a myth

Many times, I have come across this meaningless rhetoric of politicians from Tamilnadu on Aryan-Dravidian concept. Though this theory has been proven false scientifically,they still harp on the same old false theory propagated by Britishers and missionaries for their colonial and evangelical purposes.Recently TN goverment has changed the TamilNew year from ‘Chithirai 1st'(April 14th) to ‘Thai 1st'(Jan 14th) and our so called Dravidian leader M Karunanidhi had mentioned that TamilNew Year of Dravidians is indeed on Thai 1st and not on Chithirai 1st.But why has Karunanidhi taken such a heinous decision when there is no divide between Aryans and Dravidians?

Karunanidhi, the oppurtunist

Karunanidhi, the oppurtunist

What these politicians don’t tell the public is that there is no divide between Aryans and Dravidians.Infact the Aryan invasion theory was concocted and propagated by the Britishers.What is this Aryan Invasion theory is all about?This theory says Aryans are the people who migrated long back to India and drove out the native Dravidians of Harappa and Mohanjadaro civilisation.In other words, the present day North Indians and Brahmins are Aryans and South Indians and rest of the community are Dravidians.This theory has been proved utterly baseless and false by scientific methods now.But still these politicians base their decisions and schemes based on this false theory.Changing Tamil New Year is one such move.

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From Times of India:

The great Indian divide along north-south lines now stands blurred. A pathbreaking study by Harvard and indigenous researchers on ancestral Indian populations says there is a genetic relationship between all Indians and more importantly, the hitherto believed “fact” that Aryans and Dravidians signify the ancestry of north and south Indians might after all, be a myth.

“This paper rewrites history… there is no north-south divide,” Lalji Singh, former director of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) and a co-author of the study, said at a press conference here on Thursday.

Senior CCMB scientist Kumarasamy Thangarajan said there was no truth to the Aryan-Dravidian theory as they came hundreds or thousands of years after the ancestral north and south Indians had settled in India.

The study analysed 500,000 genetic markers across the genomes of 132 individuals from 25 diverse groups from 13 states. All the individuals were from six-language families and traditionally “upper” and “lower” castes and tribal groups. “The genetics proves that castes grew directly out of tribe-like organizations during the formation of the Indian society,” the study said. Thangarajan noted that it was impossible to distinguish between castes and tribes since their genetics proved they were not systematically different.

The study was conducted by CCMB scientists in collaboration with researchers at Harvard Medical School,

Harvard School of Public Health and the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT. It reveals that the present-day Indian population is a mix of ancient north and south bearing the genomic contributions from two distinct ancestral populations – the Ancestral North Indian (ANI) and the Ancestral South Indian (ASI).

“The initial settlement took place 65,000 years ago in the Andamans and in ancient south India around the same time, which led to population growth in this part,” said Thangarajan. He added, “At a later stage, 40,000 years ago, the ancient north Indians emerged which in turn led to rise in numbers here. But at some point of time, the ancient north and the ancient south mixed, giving birth to a different set of population. And that is the population which exists now and there is a genetic relationship between the population within India.”

The study also helps understand why the incidence of genetic diseases among Indians is different from the rest of the world. Singh said that 70% of Indians were burdened with genetic disorders and the study could help answer why certain conditions restricted themselves to one population. For instance, breast cancer among Parsi women, motor neuron diseases among residents of Tirupati and Chittoor, or sickle cell anaemia among certain tribes in central India and the North-East can now be understood better, said researchers.

The researchers, who are now keen on exploring whether Eurasians descended from ANI, find in their study that ANIs are related to western Eurasians, while the ASIs do not share any similarity with any other population across the world. However, researchers said there was no scientific proof of whether Indians went to Europe first or the other way round.

Migratory route of Africans

Between 135,000 and 75,000 years ago, the East-African droughts shrunk the water volume of the lake Malawi by at least 95%, causing migration out of Africa. Which route did they take? Researchers say their study of the tribes of Andaman and Nicobar islands using complete mitochondrial DNA sequences and its comparison those of world populations has led to the theory of a “southern coastal route” of migration from East Africa through India.

This finding is against the prevailing view of a northern route of migration via Middle East, Europe, south-east Asia, Australia and then to India.

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Aryan Invasion theory.A myth?


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