The Candid Eye

August 17, 2009

China shuts down terror cells in its muslim region

Islam was welcomed in China few decades after its inception, and prospered in terms of trade, administrative occupation, residential population in several dynasties that governed China[1]. During the Qing Dynasty(1644-1911), the relations between China and Islam became difficult. The Qing Dynasty prohibited slaughtering of animals among other things. This resulted in revolts and rebellions which were brought down by brute force of the military. [2]

In 2003, China issued a list of terrorist organizations, which clarified that Terrorism in China is primarily committed by Muslim separatist militants in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and other locations with large Muslim population [3]. The separatist movement is called as East Turkestan independence movement[4].

China has taken a stern and strict attitude on internal terrorism.  Organizations the government has banned are the Eastern Turkestan Islamic Movement, the East Turkestan Liberation Organization, the World Uygur Youth Congress, and the Eastern Turkistan Information [5].  The Governments of China and Kazakhstan held an anti-terror drill, known as the “Tian-Shan-1-2006” drill, from 24-26 August 2006, starting in Almaty, Kazakhstan and ending in Xinjiang, China through the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. This drill was the first anti-terrorism maneuvers held by China and Kazakhstan with a dual view of curbing ethnic Uighur separatism and ensuring oil pipeline security [6].

More recently, China shut down 7 terror cells in Muslim region. China arrested almost 1,300 people for terrorism, religious extremism or other state security charges in the region last year, says AFP [7].

While China is so actively curbing any terrorism(even the baggage of Ethnic Uighurs have been searched in the main square in Kashgar in China’s mainly Muslim Xinjiang region[7]), India is still  discussing the case of Afzal Guru. While China is using all military power to shut down the terror suspected activities, India is lull about its several internal terrorist organizations. In China there have been few cases of bus bomb, and other such explosions. In India, there have been 10 bomb explosions(or more) in different cities, some cities experiencing multiple simultaneous explosions in the last few years. What has Indian Government done to curb terrorist activities?


[1] History of Islam in China.

[2] Islam during Qing Dynasty.

[3]China identifies Eastern Turkistan terrorist organizations, terrorists

[4] East Turkestan independence movement

[5] Terrorism in China

[6] Kazakstan Joins China on Counter-Terror Exercise

[7] China shuts down 7 ‘terror cells’ in Muslim region


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